Gasification of Vladivostok will happen in 2020
2020 should be a very significant year for Vladivostok, as reported by news agencies. It is from him that large-scale gasification of the city will begin, as part of the program for the general improvement of communal living conditions for citizens of our country.
Gazprom explained that actually connecting the city is part of a large-scale “Eastern Gas Program”. The implementation of which became possible after the formation of new gas production centers in recent years and the construction of a unified system for transporting blue fuel.
The essence of the gas program
The mentioned program, adopted by the Government of the Russian Federation at the beginning of autumn 2007, contains plans for linking the entire territory of the Far East and Eastern Siberia into a single gasified system capable of supplying this region with its own resources and participating as a transport and mining link in the development of trade programs with Asian countries. In particular, Russia's well-known desire to enter the Chinese markets.
The program was developed by the Ministry of Industry and the Ministry of Energy, and Gazprom was entrusted directly to oversee and execute its points.
Stages of gasification of Vladivostok
According to the acting governor of Primorye, O. Kozhemyako, the gasification of the region will begin in 2019 - they will connect the Ussuriysky urban district, Spassk and Artem. The first sign will be Spassk-Dalniy and the area of this settlement, including the Spassk-cement plant.
Then there will be Ussuriysk, not only residential areas, but also a locomotive repair plant, oil and fat factory, and a sugar factory. In the area of Artyom, in addition to himself, all agricultural enterprises, as well as a poultry farm, will be connected.
By 2020, all boiler rooms and ways to supply gas to them will have to be prepared, after which they will be launched already in Vladivostok. So far it will be only 7 boiler houses, but even they will enable the city to breathe financially significantly more freely.
At the same time, they plan to launch a large-scale project on the transition of the region’s citizens to NGV fuel for their vehicles, and the design of all relevant infrastructure. Also in line is the start of gas supply to large enterprises, including a sausage factory, a soft drinks factory and others.
Similarly, in 2020 they will begin gasification of Dalnorechensk, and then Nakhodka, including all local enterprises. They will approach Fokino in 2021, but Arsenyev and Dalnegorsk will have to wait for gas until 2025.
Recall that until 2020 55 billion rubles were allocated for the gasification program of Primorye, of which 36 billion are Gazprom’s own funds. At the beginning of 2019, approximately half of these funds were disbursed.
New gas production centers and transportation facilities in eastern Russia
The following new production centers are responsible for providing the Khabarovsk, Kamchatka and Primorsky Territories, as well as the Amur and Sakhalin Regions, the rest of which have not been affected by gasification in the eastern regions of the country:
- Sakhalin (Sakhalin-2 - Lunskoye and Piltun-Astokhskoye, and Sakhalin-3 - Yuzhno-Kirinskoye, Kirinskoye, Mynginskoye, East-Odoptinskoye, Ayashkoye deposits);
- Yakutsky (in particular, the Chayandinskoye field - 1.4 trillion cubic meters, which can be helped by Verkhnevilyuchanskoye, Sobolokh-Nejelinskoye, Srednetyungskoye and Tas-Yuryakhskoye);
- Irkutsk (in particular, the Kovykta field - 2.7 trillion cubic meters, with the support of, possibly, Chikansky);
- Kamchatsky (Nizhne-Kvakchinskoye field and Kshukskoye).
A new Amur gas processing plant near Blagoveshchensk was also built. The Kovyktinskoye and Chayandinskoye fields have become part of the Power of Siberia gas pipeline, which will now supply gas to all the surrounding areas, and the Sakhalin points will take care of the specially constructed mini-pipeline through Vladivostok, Khabarovsk, Komsomolsk-on-Amur, Okhu and Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk. And Kamchatka deposits will serve, respectively, their own peninsula.
The very first in the framework of the project was opened Sakhalin-2 - back in 2009. Literally a year later, they began to develop the Kshuksky reserves, and after another one - to the Nizhne-Kvakchinsky. In 2014, the grand opening of Sakhalin-3 took place, including several offshore fields, and the next Chayandinskoye, and at the same time this section of the Power of Siberia was launched.
In addition to the Amursky Plant, production facilities for the production of liquefied products were commissioned in 2009 on the basis of Sakhalin-2, only two production lines of which are ready to produce up to 9.6 million tons of LNG per year. But in the plans to build a third line very soon.
In the distant future - to unite this region with the rest of the gas supply and gas transportation system of the country, thus breaking the world record for the construction of unified technological complexes. And the Amur plant is destined to become the largest in Russia.
He will be engaged in the allocation of valuable components in raw materials for the gas chemical and other industries, and his products will be used not only domestically, but also exported.
Gas power of the East in numbers
According to Gazprom, in the bowels of this region lies 67.3 trillion. cubic meters of gas, including 14.9 trillion. cbm offshore deposits. Volumes that can be classified as being in the industrial category (A / B / C1-2), in the Far East and Eastern Siberia boast reserves of 5 trillion. cubic meters.
Technologies and copyright developments of Gazprom
The technological departments of the company are constantly engaged in the invention and industrial implementation of new advanced technologies that make the process of gas production and transportation as cheap and efficient as possible, boost the volumes to the required level, and completely refuse to help foreign partners in this activity.
As you know, with the imposition of sanctions, a number of state and European companies that had previously worked with Gazprom, alas, were no longer able to adhere to the partnership, however, Gazprom specialists quickly orientated themselves in the situation and withdrew from it with honor.
In particular, it was possible to create the first domestic complex of underwater gas production for the Kirinsky field on the Sakhalin shelf, on which the revolutionary technology of strap-on development was applied. This means that no surface structures are used there, in principle.
At the same time, the Yakutsk Chayandinskoye field is already testing the most automated production processes in order to minimize the number of staff. In this case, renewable "green" energy sources are used - similarly completely autonomous.
And, finally, just in the framework of the story about this field, it is worth recalling a unique development: membrane extraction of helium directly in production conditions. In addition, given the specifics of the region, everything was built here taking into account its increased seismic hazard.