When to plant cucumbers for seedlings in 2020
When to plant cucumbers for seedlings in 2020 is an important question for every gardener and gardener, because cucumbers are perhaps the most popular culture in our garden plots. It is impossible to imagine a single feast without these juicy, crispy vegetables. Though fresh, even in a salty or pickled form. Moreover, each zealous housewife has her favorite variety, as well as the secret to cooking delicious cucumbers.
The germination and further favorable development of cucumber seedlings are mainly affected by three factors, or rather, their consideration. It:
- the specifics of the development of cucumbers as cultivated plants;
- the influence of climatic features of the regions of the country on the timing of planting and transplanting seedlings in open ground or a greenhouse;
- sowing and planting seedlings according to the lunar calendar.
Consider each of these factors in more detail.
Features and development phases of cucumbers
Cucumbers should be sown on seedlings three weeks before planting in a greenhouse or soil.
Seeds begin to germinate at a temperature of 15-16 ° C. Therefore, they must be sown in warm soil (for example, on an insulated ridge). Shoots appear on days 4-6 at a temperature of 25-30 ° C, on 4-10 at 20-25 ° C and after 10-12 days at 17-19 ° C. In cold soil, seeds die.
The first true leaf appears 5-7 days after germination, and flowering occurs after 35-40 days at 20 ° C and after 25-30 days at 25-28 ° C. Each flower lives 3-5 days, if fertilization has occurred during this time, then the ovary grows very quickly at 20-28 ° C, and after a week you can remove young cucumbers - they will be the most delicious and without bitterness. Remove cucumbers should be young daily, in extreme cases - every other day. The overgrown cucumbers are tasteless, in addition, they inhibit the growth of the remaining greens.
According to the advice of experienced cucumbers seedlings to monitor the development of the following table should be kept:
Table of sowing dates and stages of cucumber ripening
|Emergence of seedlings||After 10 days at 20 ° C|
|The appearance of the first sheet||After 7 days, each following - after 7 days|
|Flowering time||35 days|
|Readiness||After 40 days|
The table should be done as soon as you planted a crop for seedlings. This is a reference point. In this table, put in advance the dates of the event that should occur, starting from the day of sowing. Next, you will need to put the actual dates of its onset.
If the real dates are late compared with the expected, then, then, the plant needs help.
When to plant seedlings of cucumbers, taking into account the climatic characteristics of the regions of Russia
Cucumbers are quite unpretentious, but still heat-loving plants, so if you can plant them in the southern regions as early as mid-March, then in central Russia you should do this a little later:
- in the greenhouse - at the end of April;
- in open ground - in early May.
In the Leningrad region and other northern European regions of the country, these terms are shifted by a week.
In Siberia in mid-May, frosts are still possible, therefore cucumbers are most often grown in greenhouses. In the southern regions of Siberia, where it is much warmer, seeds for seedlings are planted in the middle (for the greenhouse) or at the end (for the soil) of May. Accordingly, cucumbers are planted:
- in greenhouses - in early June;
- in open ground - closer to mid-June.
When to plant seedlings of cucumbers on the lunar calendar 2020
The landing lunar calendar is based on the correspondence of the phases of the night luminary to the life cycles of cultivated plants. Juicy fruits of cucumbers suitable for food are located on the aerial part of the stem. Therefore, the most favorable time for most work with seedlings of this culture is the phase of the Growing (Young) Moon, when all the life-giving juices of plants rush up.
Moon phases for the months of 2020
Recommended work with seedlings of cucumbers on the lunar calendar 2020
|date of||Phase||Featured Works|
|March 26-28||Waxing Crescent||Sowing|
|March 29-31||Waxing Crescent||Loosening, watering|
|April 01-02||Waxing Crescent||Sowing, watering|
|April 03-06||Waxing Crescent||Loosening|
|April 07th||Waxing Crescent||Works not recommended|
|April 08||Full moon||Works not recommended|
|April 09-10||Waning moon||Thinning, top dressing|
|April 11-12||Waning moon||Loosening, watering|
|April 13-14||Waning moon||Pick, fertilizer|
|April 15-17||Waning moon||Watering|
|April 18-19||Waning moon||Watering, picking|
|April 20-22||Waning moon||Loosening|
|April 23||New moon||Works not recommended|
|April 24th||Waxing Crescent||Preparation of soil for sowing|
|April 25-27||Waxing Crescent||Loosening, top dressing|
|April 28-29||Waxing Crescent||Sowing, picking, watering, transplanting into a greenhouse|
|April 30 - May 01||Waxing Crescent||Soil loosening|
|May 02-03||Waxing Crescent||Watering, picking|
|May 04-05||Waxing Crescent||Sowing, transplanting, picking|
|May 06||Waxing Crescent||Works not recommended|
|May 07||Full moon||Works not recommended|
|May 08-10||Waning moon||Top dressing, cultivation|
|May 11-12||Waning moon||Transplanting into a greenhouse, preparing seeds, sowing seedlings, picking|
|May 13-14||Waning moon||Watering, cultivation|
|May 15-17||Waning moon||Watering|
|May 18-19||Waning moon||Top dressing, cultivation|
|May 20-21||Waning moon||Works not recommended|
|22nd of May||New moon||Works not recommended|
|May 23-24||Waxing Crescent||Transfer|
|May 25-26||Waxing Crescent||Transplanting, picking, fertilizing, watering|
|May 27-29||Waxing Crescent||Top dressing|
|May 30-31||Waxing Crescent||Transplant, pick, top dressing|