All-Russian Olympiad for schoolchildren 2019-2020
The All-Russian Olympiad for schoolchildren (VOSH) or Vseros has long acquired much greater importance than testing knowledge or identifying the best minds in the student community. About 6 million schoolchildren participate annually in the Olympiad movement - this is a huge number! Winning the Olympics is an honor, it is a successful start. Now the victory at the final stage is equal to budget revenues at the country's most prestigious universities. The winners and prize-winners of the Russian national teams according to the results of international trials are given large cash prizes. Therefore, the attention to the event has become special.
VOSH official website
This annual intellectual competition of the best student minds has no official site. Information is posted on the website of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation:
And on the federal portal of education:
There is a methodical site of the Olympiad, there are most specifics and there is a forum:
A lot of useful things can be found on the official website of Moscow's VOSH:
And information at the regional level is provided by local ministries and departments:
Schools also without fail publish information and official documents related to the Olympiad on their websites.
Tasks: procedure for their development and distribution
For the All-Russian Olympiad, the Ministry of Education traditionally approved 24 subjects:
|5||Informatics and ICT|
|6||Art (world art culture)|
|15||Life Safety Basics|
Tasks develop and form different structures for different stages. On Vseros, they are invented and selected by the Central Subject-Methodological Commission (CPMK) in Moscow. For the regional level, assignments are also being prepared by the Central Subject-Methodological Commission from the Ministry of Education. In different regions, different tasks are obtained, which sometimes causes difficulties and heated discussions. At the municipal and school stages, assignments descend from above from the local PMC of the ministry or department. Here they also vary depending on the venue.
Stages of the All-Russian Olympiad for schoolchildren
All students of state and private accredited educational institutions implementing the curricula of basic general and secondary general education can participate in the olympiad at the primary school stage. To participate, you need the consent of the parents or legal representatives of the student to process his personal data and post work and results on the Internet. Each participant must be familiarized with the Procedure for the All-Russian Olympiad. Participation is strictly voluntary, you can choose to undergo tests with a higher class.
VOSH takes place in 4 stages from 09/09/2019 to 04/30/2020 for the following participants:
|School||September October||5 (Russian language and mathematics with 4 classes) - 11 classes|
|Municipal||November December||7-11 cells (winners of the previous round and winners of the last year)|
|Regional||January February||9-11 cells (winners of the previous round and winners and prize-winners of last year)|
|All-Russian||March, April||9-11 cells (winners of the previous round)|
School stage: terms and conditions
The local government body is responsible for organizing and conducting the school stage of VOSH, as a rule, it is a regional ministry or department of education and the PMK (Subject-Methodical Commission of the Olympiad). This tour starts from mid or late September and lasts until the end of October, each subject Olympiad is held on its day from 10 in the morning, and tasks come in about 1-2 hours. Too early September start of tests reduces the quality of the school tour, as students have not yet been drawn into study. The school collects 10 days before the event the consent of the parents and conducts the forces of teachers intellectual tests in classes in accordance with the terms specified in the order. The tasks are sent to schools by the local method department. Most often, examples of tasks of past years are taken as a basis.
Participation is voluntary. Teachers process the results and select winners and prize-winners according to scores, works are scanned and posted on school websites or sent to the local ministry. As a result, an order is prepared on the participation of the winners in the next municipal stage.
Municipal stage of VOSH: requirements for participants and selection of winners
Winners of the school stage, as well as winners and prize-winners of previous years, if they express a desire, go to the municipal stage. Events are organized by the local ministry or department of education under the supervision of the PMK Olympiad in basic schools. A schedule is being drawn up: when and where will the subject tests be held so that students can attend all the Olympiads if they wish. Each starts on its own day at 10 am, and the organizers receive tasks from the PMK a couple of hours before. If it is necessary to bring them to another school, the delivery of students with accompanying persons to the venue will be organized by their educational institution.
The selection of winners and prize-winners is carried out by an expert commission represented by a jury. In many regions, there is a condition that only those who have solved more than 50% of the tasks correctly can claim victory. So the quality of selection is achieved. Not all children and parents are satisfied with this requirement, because not all municipalities and regions comply with it - everything is left to the local self-government (According to clause 5 and clause 48 of the Procedure for the All-Russian Olympiad for schoolchildren (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Russia of November 18, 2013 No. 1252 in the current version of clauses 5 and 48 ) the organizer of the municipal stage of the Olympiad is the local self-government body that administers in the field of education, which determines the quotas of winners and prize-winners of the municipal stage of the Olympiad for each general educational subject.)
Based on the results, the Ministry is preparing an order for awarding and passing to the next round of VOSH.
Regional stage of the All-Russian Olympiad for schoolchildren
The regional stage is supervised by the regional ministry or department and the CPMC, which prepares tasks and selects the winners and prize-winners of the stage. The tour is complicated by the organization of accommodation of participants and the need to choose one representative for the subject. The Ministry of Education publishes documents stating the threshold for points of the current year for participation in the final round of Vseros. The winner does not always appear due to the need to score a certain number of points, then the winner of the last year is invited.
The conditions are the same as in the previous stages of VOSH. Regions strictly approach the selection of winners, as they will be their face on the All-Russia, and possibly on international trials. However, here organizational problems arise due to the “amateur activity” of the regions.
The fees and accommodation of the winners for passing the final stage of Vseros should be at the expense of the region:
According to paragraph 56 of the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation No. 1252 of 11/18/2013, the Organizer of the regional stage of the Olympiad: ... provides from the budget of the subject of the Russian Federation and (or) legal entities the organizational and financial support for participation in the final stage of the Olympiad of participants in the regional stage,
life and health insurance of participants in the final stage of the Olympiad, travel of participants in the final stage of the Olympiad and their accompanying persons to the place of the final stage of the Olympiad and back, payment of food, accommodation, transport and excursion services for accompanying persons.
Based on the results of the regional stage, the Ministry is preparing an order for awarding and passing to the final VOSH tour.
The final stage of All-Russia: winners, rules for admission to universities following the results of the Olympiad and the international stage
The final part of the tests takes place in 10-15 subjects of the Russian Federation at their request, many subject Olympiads are completed in Moscow. A ceremony for completing the final stage and awarding ceremony for each subject is provided. The jury was selected by the CPMK, the tasks and the procedure for conducting it are also in its charge. This stage is strictly controlled by the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation. The final of Vseros is clearly regulated, there is much more order.
The main award of the winners is the opportunity to get the coveted 100 points in the olympiad profile subject at the USE and a budgetary place in any university of the country, if a certificate is obtained. Diplomas of winners and prize winners are valid for 4 years.
According to the results of the last round, lists of team members in 8 different subjects for the international Olympiad are formed:
- computer science;
- and at the International Junior Olympiad.
The organizing committee collects applications and organizes training camps. Then our teams go to different countries where this or that international subject Olympiad is held.
Since 2018, winners and their coaches receive annual cash prizes for victories in international trials:
"Establish annual prizes of the President of the Russian Federation to winners of international olympiads in general educational subjects - members of the national teams of the Russian Federation, formed in accordance with paragraph 1 of part 4 of article 71 of the Federal Law of December 29, 2012 No. 273-FZ" On Education in the Russian Federation ", and the trainers who trained them. "
Now, intellectuals of the country will be able to get 1 million rubles for “gold” in the international subject Olympiad, half a million rubles for “silver” and 400 thousand for “bronze”.
VOSH expert panel and transparency of results
The expert commission of the final stage of Vseros is appointed by the Ministry of Education. The jury of the remaining levels is local government. All stages of the olympiad, starting from school, are open to tracking results. Even schoolwork must be scanned and posted online (on a school or ministerial website). The following steps provide an appeal process. Publicity is one of the conditions for the quality of testing.
In accordance with paragraph 48 of the Procedure for holding the All-Russian Olympiad for schoolchildren, the Organizer of the municipal stage approves the results of the municipal stage of the Olympiad for each general educational subject (ranking of winners and ranking of prize winners of the municipal stage) and publishes them on its official website on the Internet, including the protocols of the municipal stage jury Olympiads in every general subject.
All subsequent rounds are also open to check the results and minutes of the jury. But the appeal is not always legally organized. Many parents are outraged by the ban on the presence of a parent on appeal in some regions. In general, there are a lot of questions regarding the fairness of the conditions and the transparency of the results for the school and municipal stages due to the fact that everything is decided by local authorities, and not the CPMC Olympiad. The control over the implementation of the Olympiad Order and the recommendations of the Ministry of Education is weakened.
The main problems of the All-Russian Olympiad
Like any major social phenomenon associated with the state system, the All-Russian Olympiad for schoolchildren did not avoid a number of problems:
- trials are too early; a school tour may begin as early as mid-September, when students are still not psychologically ready;
- the burden of participating in substantive tests falls, as a rule, on the same children;
- there is no universal payment for participants ’meals during the events (and they last from 1.5 to 4 hours plus the road, which takes up to 6 hours in some municipalities);
- an unfair level of complexity of assignments by municipalities and regions (it is necessary that assignments of the KIM exam type be developed by the Central Committee of the Olympiad by random sampling to schools);
- there is no differentiation between the base and the recess, as a result of which students of classes with in-depth study of the subject are often winners and prize winners, and students from ordinary secondary schools lose their motivation to participate;
- a frequent occurrence is a mismatch between the time to complete the work and the number of tasks or a clearly overstated level of difficulty at the school and municipal stages, when the winners cannot overcome the threshold of 50% of correctly completed tasks;
- the material and technical part for testing is not always prepared, which reduces the chances of winning;
- the regulation of the theoretical and practical part of the Olympiad may be violated by conducting tests on the same day, which is unacceptable;
- poor organization of the procedures for conducting and appealing at the school and municipal stages of VOSH (students cannot see their work on the network, there are no keys and answers, delays in announcing the results, denial of appeal for far-fetched reasons);
- insufficiently organized work of school teachers with gifted children due to the bureaucratization of the education system and the general underfunding of teacher work;
- more than a third of beneficiaries when entering universities in olympiads can not pass the threshold of the exam in their subject.
It is gratifying that the scale of the event and its significance for Russian society is growing. The results are in demand by universities. There is a prestige of participation and victory on Vseros among young people. A major positive role is played by media coverage of the victories of our national teams at international stages. But problems should not remain in the background. The organizers need to pay attention to them.